Investigating Suspected Non-Compete Violations

Protecting our business is any owner’s top priority. While fostering talent and innovation, we also face non-compete violation risks in our competitive industry. Nothing threatens success like losing prized talent who drives key initiatives – especially when they take our most sensitive strategies and client insights to rivals. This ’employee poaching’ leaves us vulnerable just as opportunities for growth emerge. 

To shield investments made cultivating specialized skills and trusting access to confidential materials, non-compete clauses in hiring contracts set clear boundaries for a reasonable period following employment. These mutually agreed upon terms ensure employees can gain experience here without harming our livelihood. Yet not all departures proceed amicably, unfortunately. 

When former colleagues’ new ventures appear too congruent with ours to be coincidence, it is only natural suspicions arise. However, confronting serious accusations requires a thoughtful, fact-based approach rather than overreacting rashly to perceptions alone. That’s why taking the time for a well-researched, meticulous investigation from the outset proves so important should negotiations or legal proceedings become necessary down the line. Only with organized, irrefutable evidence can ownership safeguard long-term success and level the playing field rightly, should breach allegations prove substantiated.  

Using the Right Resources When You Suspect Non-Compete Violations 

Licensed Skilled Investigators 

While business owners have a stake in understanding potential non-compete issues, directly conducting investigative work related to employees can compromise objectivity and open the company up to accusations of overreach. This is why retaining an experienced, neutral third-party investigator is so important. An independent professional investigator brings specialized skills and legal knowledge to the process that cannot be replicated internally. They are trained in properly gathering evidence through approved Open-Source Intelligence techniques like social media monitoring, interviewing contacts, and surveillance if needed – all while carefully adhering to privacy and consent laws. This protects any findings from challenges down the line. 

Investigators maintain confidentiality that puts sources at ease and allows gathering sensitive details a direct manager or coworker asking questions could inadvertently influence or bias responses to. Their removal from personal involvement results in a fuller picture emerging with fewer blind spots. If issues are substantiated, an unaffiliated investigator’s documentation becomes impartial evidence relied upon rather than a PR dispute between opposing internal perspectives. Their definitive reports hold weight to facilitate open discussions towards resolution outside litigation if possible. In complex situations impacting livelihoods, an experienced third party brings the trained objectivity, discretion and full toolkit required to reasonably serve the interests of all involved through a prudent fact-finding process. Their expertise proves invaluable from initial evidence collection through any later legal proceedings if unfortunately needed.  

Seek Counsel from an Experienced Attorney

Seeking counsel’s insight early offers benefits beyond foreseeable directives alone. Consulting attorneys well-versed in relevant legislation allow assessing appropriateness and defensibility of prospective investigative avenues and evidence-gathering. This prevents mishaps by keeping efforts strictly tied to established statutes and case law from inception. 

With counsel input, specific techniques and safeguards can be tailored for each case nuance. For example, whether particular jurisdictions impose consent decrees for digital or electronic data retrieval. Their expertise helps spot potential loopholes opposing parties may exploit to challenge findings, guiding water-tight documentation. 

If concerns seem substantiated, counsel also advises the most effective next moves, like precisely worded formal notices, to catalyze resolution. Mediation referral for level-headed discussions may then satisfy all involved more constructively than litigation stress alone. Even in disputes not explicitly prohibited, attorneys facilitate understanding all perspectives to determine mutually agreeable outcomes respecting long term relationships wherever reasonable. This maintains high ground over aggression which rarely brings true compliance or closure, often further polarizing involved industries and reputations unnecessarily. 

Seeking their guidance proves an investment in thoroughness paying dividends, whether for conciliation or the unlikely worst-case need to formally establish rights in court having left no angle vulnerable to undermining the case. 

Using a Range of Techniques:  

Careful Examination of Non-Compete Terms  

We would start by carefully examining the non-compete terms as one of the most important initial steps in any investigation into a potential breach. We make sure to carefully read through the entire agreement that the former employee signed to understand fully what activities were contractually restricted. This includes noting the specific time frame that various restrictions applied, as well as clearly defined restricted geographical territories. 

In addition to reading the non-compete closely, we also obtain confidential company documents like client lists, proprietary pricing information, marketing strategies, and product roadmaps that the employee would have had access to in their former role. Comparing details of the person’s new position and any public announcements of their new employer’s initiatives to these confidential internal records allows us to analyze if there seems to be any possible overlap. 

Interviews Conducted When Investigating Suspected Non-Compete Violations

Interviews can provide valuable insights. Start by talking to remaining loyal employees about any suspicious contacts or information shared by the departed worker. You may also learn revealing details by speaking with people at their new employer about job duties. Don’t directly accuse but do pay attention to inconsistencies or shifting stories. 

It can also be useful to set up informational interviews with relevant colleagues who worked closely with the individual at their previous company. Casual conversations can help surface memories of any client projects the person spearheaded or particularly sensitive leaked information they had access to. Notes from these interviews provide additional contextual details to measure new activities against. We’ve found the most insightful documentation comes from open yet discreet discussions. Asking open-ended questions about general work relationships and encounters at industry functions where information may have been exchanged can often prompt valuable recollections. Interviewing past and potentially current clients of the individual under investigation for a non-compete violation can provide key insights during the fact-finding process. However, these conversations require tact and discretion. 

We have found the most productive way to gather client perspectives is through warm introductory phone or video calls. Identifying ourselves transparently but without disclosure of the actual investigation underway, we explain we are conducting competitive research to better understand their needs and experiences. This sets a cooperative rather than accusatory tone. Gently asking clients to share the history of their relationship with both the former employee/company and any new vendors serving similar functions now allows direct comparisons without leading questions. Focusing discussions on strategic priorities, pain points and recommendations for continued growth steer conversations productively while listening for any spontaneous overlaps or inconsistencies that arise organically.  

If client relationships transitioned, inviting thoughts on factors influencing that decision and overall satisfaction with service transitions can be illuminating without direct confrontation. Discussing generalized industry trends also prompts clients to reveal concerns or impressions they may not volunteer under pressure. 

Throughout, maintaining an empathetic, solution-focused demeanor aims to put clients at ease so they offer full transparency willingly versus retracting comments in a tense setting. Notes from multiple open discussions ultimately provide a well-rounded view of the whole picture for next steps. 

Technical Evidence/ Digital Forensics When Investigating Suspected Non-Compete Violations

In today’s digital world, technical evidence can be hugely insightful if obtained legally and ethically. Not only might overt file transfers on work networks reveal what an employee hoped to keep hidden, but competent forensic recovery processes may uncover materials long deleted from devices. However, covert electronic monitoring always requires nuanced care, with no stone left unturned to avoid potential privacy invasions or hacking accusations that could undermine legitimate findings. That’s why engagement of licensed/certified investigators holds benefits. When suspicions arise in sensitive cases impacting livelihoods, navigating technical realms demands comparable diligence, impartiality and caution we ascribe to other evidence gathering. With prudence, the fullest understanding may emerge. 

Credentialed digital forensics firms not only possess the high-level technical skills, specialized tools and data storage facilities required for thorough yet precise investigations. They also maintain established relationships and legal clearances working closely with authorities that strengthen defensibility. Their transparent methods track a clear chain of custody, with no room left for illicit access claims. Full cooperation with certified counsel throughout ensures only the most pertinent information pertinent to evaluating specific non-compete terms surfaces while respecting individuals’ rights. A layered oversight approach provides reassurance to all parties that proper procedures were followed to yield defendable results, winnowing out irrelevant traces to minimize collateral impacts. 


While surveillance may seem like an obvious choice, it should only be considered carefully as a last resort. However, there are circumstances where it may provide valuable evidence in investigating potential non-compete violations. The most responsible surveillance focuses strictly on public actions directly related to the terms of the non-compete agreement. For example, attending industry conferences where restricted client solicitation could take place. Unobtrusive observation from a reasonable distance using basic equipment could help document any prohibited interactions or information exchanges occurring openly.  

Ensuring any imagery collected remains narrowly focused only on visuals pertinent to assessing compliance, such as clearly reading client names on badging or business cards involved in suspicious conversations. All activity observed capturing detail outside of the scope of the investigation should be considered not relevant and you should consider excluded from reporting to respect privacy. 

Partnering with a licensed investigative firm is a must for any surveillance work, to benefit from their specialized training and legal expertise in adhering strictly to consent regulations. Working with professionals helps maximize the chances evidence could withstand challenges while minimizing risks to your reputation. 

Overall, if deploying surveillance, the goal is simply to fairly and discreetly ascertain facts – not to “catch” anyone through covert gotcha tactics. Any findings would still need to be handled carefully through respectful communication first, with legal action only an absolute last resort. But when other options are exhausted, limited and lawful observation may substantiate or ease concerns in certain situations 

Monitoring Social Media Activity for Suspected Non-Compete Violations

Monitoring social media platforms can provide useful open-source intelligence when investigating potential violations of a non-compete agreement. However, care must be taken to respect individuals’ privacy rights. Rather than covertly following or friending the person under review, the best approach is to conduct public searches of their online profiles periodically. Tools like Google, LinkedIn, Facebook and X (formerly Twitter) allow seeing information shared openly without directly engaging the subject. Details made freely available such as the individual’s current job title, employer and descriptions of responsibilities on profiles are fair game. So too are any public posts discussing projects, clients or partnerships that could relate to restricted contractual obligations. 

It can also be informative to search within one’s extended social networks for any mentions, tags or photos placing the person at industry events, client meetings or work-related gatherings where prohibited solicitations may have occurred. Geo-tagged locations provide additional context clues without invasion of private networks. 

Of course, viewing only publicly visible information is key. No private messages, posts or photos requiring special access levels should ever be accessed without consent. The goal is open-source reviews, not covert digital sleuthing. Any evidence found through respectful social media oversight would still require careful consideration before action. But it can aid gathering a more complete understanding of public activities and statements made relative to contractual terms in a discreet, non-confrontational manner. 

Why is all of this important?  

By pursuing the truth systematically from all perspectives with an expert’s neutral precision, we aim not to “catch” or punish, but rather promote lawful, good faith solutions. A balanced inquiry respects individuals’ rights equally with ownership’s obligations to diverse stakeholders. When obligations clearly diverge from intentions, we hope empathy and understanding can produce voluntarily remedy outside formalities wherever possible. But our duty remains to safeguard dedicated employees and investors too whose trust enables enterprises to fulfill their potential, benefiting all communities. 

No enterprise progresses far without appropriate protection for innovations and relationships cultivating future opportunities in turn. A fair, principled process accommodating multiple viewpoints defines the line sensibly for all to see. With continued diligence and care guiding each case, we opt for clarity over aggression time and again. This lets the full truth emerge organically, avoiding win-lose scenarios through cooperation over confrontation wherever able. Ultimately, such resolve serves justice and welfare of businesses both great and small most equitably for continued shared success.